EARTHQUAKE – THE RESTLESS EARTH

EARTHQUAKE – THE RESTLESS EARTH

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Earthquake – a Reality

Numerous Reports indicate, the Seas are rising! (Read in Environment column). Scientists can make fairly accurate long term predictions of where earthquakes will occur. Although large earthquakes are customarily reported on the Richter scale, scientists prefer to describe Earthquakes greater than 7.0 on the moment magnitude scale. The moment magnitude scale measures the total energy released in an earthquake, and it describes large earthquakes more accurately than does the Richter scale.    The largest Earthquake ever recorded on the moment magnitude scale measured 9.5. It was an interplate earthquake that occurred along the Pacific Coast of Chile in

South America in 1960. The largest intraplate earthquakes known struck in Central Asia and in the IndiaOcean in 1905, 1920, and 1957. These earthquakes had moment magnitudes between 8.0 and 8.3. 

A List of some Deadliest Earthquakes :

Death toll – Event – Location – Date

1.

830,000

1556 Shaanxi earthquake

China

January 23, 1556

2.

316,000

2010 Haiti earthquake

Port-au-Prince, Haiti

January 12, 2010

3.

273,400

1920 Haiyuan earthquake

China

December 16, 1920

4.

260,000

115 Antioch earthquake

Syria

December 13,

5.

250,000–300,000[

526 Antioch earthquake

Syria

May

6.

242,769–779,000

1976 Tangshan earthquake

China

July 28, 1976

7.

230,273–310,000

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake

Indonesia

December 26, 2004

8.

230,000

1138 Aleppo earthquake

Syria

October 11, 1138

9.

200,000–475,800

1303 Hongdong earthquake

China

September 17, 1303

10.

200,000

856 Damghan earthquake

Iran

December 22, 856

11.

170,000[

896 Udaipur earthquake

India

896

12.

150,000

893 Ardabil earthquake

Iran

March 23, 893

13.

142,807

1923 Great Kanto earthquake

Japan

September 1, 1923

14.

130,000

533 Aleppo earthquake

Syria

November 29, 533

15.

123,000

1908 Messina earthquake

Italy

December 28, 1908

16.

110,000

1948 Ashgabat earthquake

Turkmen SSR, Soviet Union(now Turkmenistan)

October 5, 1948

17.

100,000

1290 Chihli earthquake

China

September 27, 1290

17.

100,000

1755 Lisbon earthquake

Portugal

November 1, 1755

17.

100,000

1970 Ancash earthquake

Peru

May 31, 1970

20.

87,587

2008 Sichuan earthquake

China

May 12, 2008

21.

86,000

2005 Kashmir earthquake

Pakistan (Azad Kashmir)

October 8, 2005

22.

80,000

458 Antioch earthquake

Syria

September 458

22.

80,000

1667 Shamakhi earthquake

Azerbaijan

November 1667

22.

80,000

1854 Great Nankaidō earthquake

Japan

November 1854

22.

80,000

1169 Aleppo earthquake

Syria

1169

26.

77,000

1727 Tabriz earthquake

Iran

November 18, 1727

27.

73,000

1718 Gansu earthquake

China

June 19, 1718

28.

70,000

1033 Ramala earthquake

Israel

December 10, 1033

28.

70,000

847 Damascus earthquake

Syria

847

28.

70,000

1868 Ecuador earthquakes

Ecuador

August 15, 1868 and August 16, 1868

31.

60,000

587 Antioch earthquake

Syria

September 30, 587

31.

60,000

1101 Iran earthquake

Iran

1101

31.

60,000

1268 Cilicia earthquake

Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia(now Turkey)

1268

31.

60,000

1693 Sicily earthquake

Italy

January 11, 1693

31.

60,000

1935 Balochistan earthquake

British India (now part of Pakistan)

May 31, 1935

36.

50,000

844 Damascus earthquake

Syria

September 18, 844

36.

50,000

1042 Tabriz earthquake

Iran

November 4, 1042

36.

50,000

1783 Calabrian earthquakes

Italy

1783

36.

50,000

1990 Manjil-Rudbar earthquake

Iran

June 21, 1990

40.

45,000

850 Iran earthquake

Iran

July 15, 850

40.

45,000

856 Corinth earthquake

Greece

December 856

40.

45,000

856 Tunisia earthquake

Tunisia

December 3, 856

43.

42,571

1668 Shandong earthquake

China

July 25, 1668

44.

40,900

1927 Gulang earthquake

Gansu, China

1927

45.

40,000–250,000

1721 Tabriz earthquake

Iran

April 26, 1721

46.

40,000

342 Antioch earthquake

Syria

342

46.

40,000

662 Damghan earthquake

Iran

April 26, 662

46.

40,000

1455 Naples earthquake

Italy

December 5, 1455

46.

40,000

1754 Cairo earthquake

Egypt

September 2, 1754

46.

40,000

1755 Tabriz earthquake

Iran

June 7, 1755

46.

40,000

1797 Riobamba earthquake

Ecuador

1797

47.

10,000

1703 Apennine earthquakes

Italy

January 14, 1703, January 16, 1703, and February 2, 1703

Earthquake Death toll as per wiki – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll

Kidsfreesouls Natural Calamities for Classroom Learning 

 

A print reality on Earthquake: 

EARTHQUAKE - THE RESTLESS EARTH

 

Earthquakes in Gujarat

EARTHQUAKE - THE RESTLESS EARTH

EARTHQUAKE - THE RESTLESS EARTH

EARTHQUAKE - THE RESTLESS EARTH

Find more in Gujarat Earthquake Case Study by Fritz Institute

How Earthquakes Happen pdf from BBC (you need a pdf reader to see this file)

Kidsfreesouls Natural Calamities for Classroom Learning 

 

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